Comprehensive African election calendar

 
Updated December 2018

Country Timeline President Legislative Regional/Local Referenda
algeria Last election 17 Apr 2014 People's National Assembly: 4 May 2017; Council of the Nation: half 29 Dec 2015 (indirect/appointed) 23 Nov 2017 17 Sep 1999
Voters endorse presidential peace plan to end 7 yrs of civil violence
Next election 2019 People's National Assembly: 2022
Council of the Nation: 2018 (half, indirect/appointed)
2022
Term 5 yrs People's National Assembly: 5 yrs
Council of the Nation: 6 (half every 3 yrs)
5 yrs
angola Last election 23 Aug 2017 23 Aug 2017 Not held  
Next election 2022 2022 ?
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
benin Last election 1st rnd: 6 Mar 2016; 2nd rnd: 20 Mar 2016 National Assembly: 26 Apr 2015 31 May 2015  
Next election 2021 National Assembly: 2019 2021
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 4 yrs 6 yrs
botswana Last election Late 2014
by National Assembly
National Assembly: 24 Oct 2014 24 Oct 2014 4 Oct 1997
Constitutional amendments to establish an Independent Electoral Commission approved
Next election 2019
by National Assembly
National Assembly: 2019 2019
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
burkina faso Last election 29 Nov 2015 National Assembly: 29 Nov 2015 22 May 2016  
Next election 2020 National Assembly: 2020 2021
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs 5 yrs
burundi Last election 1st Rnd: 26 Jun 2015; 2nd Rnd: 27 Jul 2015 National Assembly 5 Jun 2015
Senate 17 Jul 2015 (indirect)
Local 5 Jun 2015; Collines 24 Aug 2015 17 May 2018: Allow president to stand for 4th term, increase presidental term to two 7 year consecutive terms; reintroduce Prime Minister, vice-presidents reduced from two to one
Next election 2020 National Assembly 2020
Senate 2020 (indirect)
Local 2020; Collines 2020
Term 5 yrs National Assembly & Senate: 5 yrs 5 yrs
cameroon Last election 11 Oct 2004 National Assembly 30 Sep 2013; Senate: 30 Sep 2013 30 Sep 2013  
Next election 7 Oct 2018 National Assembly: Postponed from late 2018 to 2019; Senate (indirect): 25 Mar 2018 Postponed from late 2018 to 2019
Term 7 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
cape verde Last election 2 Oct 2016 National Assembly: 20 Mar 2016 2011  
Next election 2021 National Assembly: 2021 2020
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs 4 yrs
central african republic Last election 1st rnd 27 Dec 2015; 2nd Round 14 Feb 2016 1st rnd 14 Feb 2016; 2nd Round 31 Mar 2016 (postponed from 27 Mar 2016) local authorities appointed by president Constitutional referendum 13 Dec 2015
Next election 2021 2021
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
chad Last election 1st rnd: 10 April 2016; 2nd rnd: 9 May 2016 National Assembly: 1st rnd: 10 April 2016; 2nd rnd: 9 May 2016 22 Jan 2012  
Next election 2021 Postponed to May 2019 from 30 Nov 2018 Postponed to May 2019 from 30 Nov 2018
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 4 yrs 4 yrs
comoros Last election 1st rnd: 21 Feb 2016; 2nd rnd 16 Apr 2016 Union Assembly: 1st Rnd: 25 Jan 2015
2nd Rnd: 22 Feb 2015
Islands Governors: 16 Apr 2016
Island Assemblies: 2016
30 Jul 2018 constitutional ammendment to allow two 5-year presidential terms, instead of only one.
17 May 2009 constitutional amendments approved: Increased term of president to 5 yrs, abolished rotating presidency, concentrated power in Union government, reduce powers and costs of the island’s governments (Island Presidents become Island Governors), Islam became state religion
Next election 2021 Union Assembly: 2020 Islands Governors : 2021
Island Assemblies: 2022
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs Islands Governors & Assemblies: 4 yrs
Ivory Coast Last election 25 Oct 2015 National Assembly: Dec 2016
Senate: 24 Mar 2018 (indirect)
13 Oct 2018 23 Jul 2000
Constitution approved
Next election 2020 National Assembly: 2021
Senate: 2023 (indirect)
2023
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs
Senate: 5 yrs
5 yrs
democratic republic of congo Last election 28 Nov 2011 National Assembly: 28 Nov 2011
Senate: 19 Jan 2007 (indirect by PA)
PA: 25 Feb 2012
Local: 31 Jan 2013
18 Dec 2005
New Constitution approved
Next election Postponed to 23 Dec 2018 from Nov 2016 National Assembly: Postponed to 23 Dec 2018 from Nov 2016
Senate: Postponed to 23 Dec 2018 from Nov 2016 (indirect by PA)
PA: Postponed to 23 Dec 2018 from Nov 2016
Local: postponed to 2019 (?) from Nov 2016
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
djibouti Last election 8 Apr 2016 National Assembly: 22 Feb 2013 Regional Assemblies & Communes 24 Feb 2017  
Next election 2022 National Assembly: 23 Feb 2018 RA & Communal: 2022
Term 6 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs RA & Communal: 5 yrs
egypt Last election 26-27 May 2014 PA: Oct-Dec 2015
Shura Council (abolished 2014): Jan 2012
May 2008 Second half of January 2014: New Constitution
Next election First round 26-28 Mar 2018
Run Off 24-26 Apr 2018
HR: 2020 2019
Term 4 yrs PA: 5 yrs
SC: 6 yrs; half replaced every three year.
4 yrs
equatorial guinea Last election 24 Apr 2016 House of Representatives & Senate: 12 Nov 2017 12 Nov 2017 Constiutional referendum 13 Nov 2011; allows encumbent additional two terms, creates vice-presidency
Next election 2023 HPR: 2022 2022
Term 7 yrs HPR: 5 yrs 5 yrs
eritrea Last election 1993
interim president
May 1997
Transitional National Assembly formed
May 2003 23-25 Apr 1993
Independence for the Autonomous Region of Eritrea approved
Next election indefinitely postponed from 2001
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
ethiopia Last election 25 Oct 2018 by House of People's Representatives HPR: 24 May 2015
HoF: 2013 (indirect)
Local: 2013
RSCs: 24 May 2015
 
Next election 2019 by House of People's Representatives House of People's Representatives: 2020
House of the Federation (indirect): 2019
Regional State Councils: 2019
Local: 2019 (postponed from 2018)
Term 6 yrs 5 yrs (both Houses) Regional State Councils & Local: 5 yrs
gabon Last election 27 Aug 2016 National Assembly: 1st Rnd 6 Oct 2018; 2nd Rnd 27 Oct 2018
Senate: 2014
Local: 6 Oct 2018  
Next election 2023 National Assembly: 2023
Senate: 2020
Local: 2023
Term 7 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs
Senate 6 yrs
Local: 5 yrs
the gambia Last election 1 Dec 2016 National Assembly: 6 Apr 2017 2022  
Next election 2021 National Assembly: 2022 12 Apr 2018
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 4 yrs
ghana Last election 7 Dec 2016 National Assembly: Dec 2016 District, Local & Unit: 3 Mar 2015 before April 2016: Constitutional referendum, as well as abolishment of death penalty and parliamentary ratification (within 72 hours and with two-thirds majority) required for presidential declaration of war
Next election 7 Dec 2020 National Assembly: Dec 2020 District, Local & Unit: 2019
Term 4 yrs 4 yrs 4 yrs
guinea Last election 11 Oct 2015 National Assembly: 28 Sep 2013 28 Sep 2013 11 Nov 2001
Constitutional amendment to remove presidential Termlimits and increase term to 7 yrs approved
Next election 2022 National Assembly: Jan 2019 4 Feb 2018
Term 7 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
guinea-bissau Last election 1st round: 28 Jun 2009
2nd round: 26 Jul 2009
People's National Assembly & Senate 14 Apr 2014 (postponed from 24 Nov 2013) There are no local governments  
Next election 2019 People's National Assembly & Senate: Postponed to Dec 2018 or Jan 2019 from 18 Nov 2018
Term 5 yrs 4 yrs
kenya Last election 8 Aug 2017 - election annulled
Rerun 26 Oct 2017
National Assembly, Senate & County Assemblies: 8 Aug 2017 8 Aug 2017 4 Aug 2010: Draft proposes more power for Prime Minister and less for President, devolution of power to regions and introduction of Senate and Supreme Court
Next election 2022 National Assembly, Senate & County Assemblies: 2022 2022
Term 5 yrs National Assembly 5 yrs 5 yrs
lesotho Last Election Monarchy: no presidential election National Assembly: 3 Jun 2017 30 Sep 2017 (postponed from 2016)  
Next election 2022 2022
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
liberia Last election 1st Rnd: 10 Oct 2017; 2nd Rnd 26 De 2017 House of Representatives: 10 Oct 2017
Senate (half): 10 Oct 2017
30 Nov 2008 23 Aug 2011: Constitutional amendments
Next election 10 Oct 2023 House of Representatives: 2023
Senate (half): 2023
?
Term 6 yrs HR 6 yrs
SEN 6 yrs
 
libya Last election Constituent Assembly: 20 Feb 2014  
next election Postponed to 2019 from 10 Dec 2018 Postponed to 2019 from 10 Dec 2018 ?
Constitutional referendum: Feb 2019    
madagascar Last election 1st Rnd: 25 Oct 2013; 2nd Rnd: 25 Sep 2013 National Assembly: 20 Dec 2013
Senate: 29 Dec 2015 (indirect)
Local: 17 Jul 2015 On new Constitution scheduled for 12 Aug 2010, but then postponed to 17 Nov 2010
Next election 1st rnd: 7 Nov 2018; 2nd Rnd 19 Dec 2018 National Assembly: Postponed from late 2018 to early 2019
Senate: 2020, after local
Provincial, regional & local: postponed to 2019 from 2017
Term 5 yrs National Assembly 5 yrs
Senate: 5 yrs
5 yrs
malawi Last election 20 May 2014 National Assembly: 20 May 2014 20 May 2014 14 Jun 1993
Introduction of a multi-party system approved by voters
Next election 20 May 2019 National Assembly: 20 May 2019 20 May 2019
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
mali Last election 1st rnd 28 Jul 2013; 2nd rnd 11 Aug 2013 National Assembly: 1st rnd 24 Nov 2013; 2nd rnd 15 Dec 2013 25 Oct 2015 Constitutional Referendum: 9 Jul 2017
Next election 1st rnd 29 Jul 2018; 2nd rnd 12 Aug 2018 National Assembly: 1st Rnd: 25 Nov 2018
2nd Rnd 16 Dec 2018
Local & Communal: 2018? (postponed from 17 Dec 2017)
Regional 2018(?)
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs 5 yrs
mauritania Last election 21 Jun 2014 National Assembly: National Assembly: 1st rnd 1 Sep 2018; 2nd rnd: 15 Sep 2018
Senate (1/3 members): 12 Oct 2013
Local and regional: 1st rnd: 1 Sep 2018; 2nd rnd: 15 Sep 2018 25 Jun 2006
New constitution approved by electorate
Next election Early (March?) 2019 National Assembly: 2023
Senate (1/3 members): 2019
Local and regional: 2023
Term 5 yrs National Assembly 5 yrs
SEN 6 yrs (1/3 retires every 2 yrs)
5 yrs
mauritius Last election 2015 by National Assembly National Assembly: 2015 Local: 2012?
Rodrigues Regional Assembly: 5 Feb 2012
Next election 2020 by National Assembly National Assembly: 2020 Local: 2012?
Rodrigues Regional Assembly: 5 Feb 2012
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs Local: 5 yrs; Rodrigues Regional Assembly: 5 yrs
morocco Last election Monarchy. PM appointed by monarch after legislative elections Assembly of Representatives: 7 Oct 2016
Assembly of Councillors: 2 Oct 2015
Local & regional 4 Sep 2015 1 Jul 2011 Constitutional referendum
Next election Assembly of Representatives: 7 Oct 2016
Assembly of Councillors: 2021
2021
Term Assembly of Representatives 5 yrs; Assembly of Councillors 6 yrs (indirect) 6 yrs
mozambique Last election 15 Oct 2014 15 Oct 2014 Local: 20 Nov 2013
Provincial: 15 Oct 2014
Next election 15 Oct 2019 15 Oct 2019 Local: 10 Oct 2018
Provincial: 15 Oct 2019
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
namibia Last election 28 Nov 2014 National Assembly: 28 Nov 2014
National Council: Dec 2015 (indirect)
Regional Council: 27 Nov 2015
Local: 27 Nov 2015
Next election 2019 National Assembly: 2019
National Council: 2020 (indirect by Regional Councils)
Regional Council: 2020
Local: 2020
Term 5 yrs National Assembly 5 yrs; National Council 5 yrs Regional Council 5 yrs; Local: 5 yrs
niger Last election 1st rnd: 21 Feb 2016; 2nd rnd: 20 Mar 2016 National Assembly: 21 Feb 2016 31 Jan 2011 24 Oct 2010 new constitution
Next election 2021 2021 Postponed to 2019 from 8 Jan 2017
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs 5 yrs
nigeria Last election 28 Mar 2015 National Assembly & Senate: 28 Mar 2015 State Assemblies, governors & Local: 11 Apr 2015
Next election 16 Feb 2019 House of Representatives & Senate: 2 Mar 2019 State Assemblies, governors & Local: 2 Mar 2019
Term 4 yrs 4 yrs 4 yrs
republic of the congo Last election 20 March 2016 SEN 2014 (indirect)
National Assembly Rnd 1: 16 Jul 2017; Rnd 2: 30 Jul 2017
29 Jun 2008 20 Jan 2002
New Constitution approved
Next election 2023 National Assembly 2022
Senate (1/3) Oct 2018 (indirect)
?
Term 7 yrs National Assembly 5 yrs
SEN 6 yrs
6 yrs
rwanda Last election 3-4 Aug 2017 House of Representatives: 3 Sep 2018
Senate: Mar 2016 (indirect)
Local: Feb & Mar 2016 18 Dec 2015, constitutional amendment extending number of presidential terms
26 May 2003, New constitution approved
Next election Aug 2024 House of Representatives: 2023
Senate: 2024 (indirect)
Local: 2021
Term 7 yrs CD: 5 yrs
Senate: 8 yrs
5 yrs
são tomé and príncipe Last election 1st rnd: 17 Jul 2016; 2nd rnd: 7 Aug 2016 National Assembly: 12 Oct 2014 Regional & Local: 12 Oct 2014
Next election 2021 National Assembly: 7 Oct 2018 Regional & Local: 7 Oct 2018
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 4 yrs 5 yrs
senegal Last election 1st rnd: 26 Feb 2012
2 nd rnd: 18 Mar 2012
National Assembly: 30 Jul 2017 Regional & Local: 29 Jun 2014 20 Mar 2016, approved by 62% of voters
Shortening of the presidential term from seven years to five years and other changes
Next election 24 Feb 2019 National Assembly: 2022 Regional & Local: 2019
Term 7 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs Regional & Local: 5 yrs
seychelles Last election 3-5 Dec 2015 National Assembly 8-10 Sep 2016 Local authorities are appointed by the government 15 – 18 June 1993
New Constitution approved
Next election 2020 National Assembly 2021
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
sierra leone Last election 1st Rnd: 7 Mar 2018
2nd Rnd: Postponed to 31 Mar 2018 from 27 Mar 2018
House of Representatives: 7 Mar 2018 7 Mar 2018
Next election 2023 2023 2022
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 4 yrs
somalia Last election Postponed to 8 Feb 2017 from 22 Jan 2017 and 28 Dec 2016 (by parliament) Lower House: 22 Dec 2016 (indirect)
Upper House: 25 Sep 2016 (indirect)
None  
Next election 2022 Lower House: 2021
Upper House: 2021 (indirect)
Regional: 19 Dec 2018, postponed from 5 Dec 2018 & 17 Nov 2018
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs no data
somaliland
(autonomous region)
Last election 13 Nov 2017 HR: Cancelled 27 Mar 2017 15 Dec 2002  
Next election 2022 House of Representatives & Senate: 28 Apr 2019 28 Apr 2019
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
south africa Last Election 2014 by National Assembly National Assembly: 7 May 2014 PL: 7 May 2009
Local: 3 Aug 2016
17 Mar 1992
Whites approve the continuation of the white government’s negotiations for a new majority government constitution
Next election 2019 (by NA) National Assembly: 2019 PL: 2019
Local: 2021
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs PL & Local: 5 yrs
south sudan Last election 9 Jul 2010 SSA: 9 Jul 2010 State and local: 9 Jul 2010 9 Jan 2011: Referendum due on whether southern autonomous region is remain part of Sudan or to succeed
Next election 2021 (postponed from 2015 & 2018) 2021 (postponed from 2015 & 2018) 2021 (postponed from 2015 & 2018)
Term 5 yrs SSA: 5 yrs 5 yrs
sudan Last election 2 Apr 2015 CS & National Assembly: 2 Apr 2015 State Legislatures, State Governors, local: 2 Apr 2015
Next election 2020 CS & National Assembly: 2020 State Legislatures, State Governors, local: 2020
Term 5 yrs National Assembly 5 yrs
CS 6 yrs
5 yrs
swaziland Last election Monarchy: no presidential election. House of Assembly: Primary: 24 Aug 2013; Secondary: 20 Sep 2013 Urban local: 3 Nov 2012
Tinkhundla: 20 Sep 2013
 
Next election House of Assembly: Primary: 18 Aug 2018; Secondary: 21 Sep 2018 Urban local: Sept 2018
Tinkhundla: Sept 2018
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
togo Last election 15 Apr 2015 National Assembly: 21 July 2013   Constitutional referendum 16 Dec 2018
Next election 2020 National Assembly: 20 Dec 2018 16 Dec 2018 (postponed from late 2017)
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
tunisia Last election 23 Nov 2014 House of Representatives: 26 Oct 2014
House of Councillors: 26 Oct 2014
Local & regional: Postponed to 7 Dec 2017 from 26 Mar 2017  
Next election 2019 House of Representatives: 2019
House of Councillors: 2019
Municipal: 6 May 2018
Term 5 yrs House of Representatives: 5 yrs
House of Councillors: 6 yrs
5 yrs
united republic of tanzania Last Election 25 Oct 2015 25 Oct 2015 Zanzibar House of Representatives & Zanzibar President: ZEC annulled 25 Oct 2015 election, no rerun date set; Local: 25 Oct 2015 30 Apr 2015: Adoption of new Constitution to replace that of 1977
Next election 2020 2020 Zanzibar House of Representatives & Zanzibar President & Local: 2020
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs Zanzibar House of Representatives & Zanzibar President & Local: 5 yrs
uganda Last election 18 Feb 2016 National Assembly: 18 Feb 2016 18 Feb 2016
Next election 2021 National Assembly: 2021 2021
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs 5 yrs
zambia Last Election 11 Aug 2016 National Assembly: 11 Aug 2016 11 Aug 2016 11 Aug 2016
Constitutional amendments to amend Bill of Rights fails
Next election 2021 National Assembly: 2021 2021
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs 5 yrs
zimbabwe Last election 31 Jul 2013 House of Assembly & Senate: 31 Jul 2013 31 Jul 2013 Constitutional referendum, 16 Mar 2013
Next election 30 Jul 2018 House of Assembly & Senate: 30 Jul 2018 30 Jul 2018
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs