During the 2015 period, EISA Mozambique Office held meetings with the three political parties represented in Parliament to determine the types of assistance their representatives will require. Both FRELIMO and RENAMO submitted proposals for training and assistance. The training for FRELIMO elected public officials at provincial and municipal level took place in all provincial capitals between 25 and 30 May. RENAMO was yet to be trained, while MDN was still to submit their proposal.
EISA supported the training of the new 120 Central Committee members of FRELIMO's Youth League, Mozambican Youth Organization (OJM), elected in their November 2015 Congress.
The training took place from 30 November to 2 December, and 40% of participants were women. EISA also supported a training event for the RENAMO parliamentary bench in December, where 65 RENAMO MPs (73% of the bench) were trained by RENAMO communication experts on internal party communication, political communication and voter outreach. About 25% of participants were women.
In 2014, EISA provided support for the training of party agents for the monitoring of the voter registration process that took place from 15 February to 29 April 2014, and for election day.
Due to organizational constraints - delays in identifying and recruiting party agents - the opposition parties were less effective in replicating the training at the lower levels. However, all three parties managed to exceed the replication target of 3,200 party agents per party by a significant margin due to cost-contention measures applied by the parties themselves in the replication phases of the training. On Election Day, FRELIMO deployed 37,000 party agents, RENAMO 26,000 and the MDM 25,000 agents, meaning that EISA's support provided for the training of 84% of FRELIMO's deployed party agents, 54% of RENAMO's and 24% of the MDM's.
At the time, EISA, was the only external partner training party agents. It can be noted that, its intervention improved the quality of party agents, and the role they played at many polling stations which were faced with attempts of electoral malpractice. This role was widely recognised by both national and international observers and the media, compared to previous electoral processes.
EISA continued to provide support to the three Mozambican political parties with seats in parliament, namely FRELIMO, RENAMO and MDM. In 2013, EISA's support to political parties, was provided primarily through funding for training and technical assistance. The training focused primarily on providing the parties with capacity to monitor the electoral process.
Eleven central-level trainers and 60 province-level trainers for party election monitoring were trained in Maputo and in each province in September. These trainers were in charge of training all FRELIMO election monitors for the 53 municipal elections scheduled for 20 November 2013. With EISA's support, FRELIMO was able to have trained trainers in every municipality who in turn delivered training to their peers locally.
EISA supported the training of 1,000 MDM party agents in 12 municipalities. This allowed the party to have fully-trained party agents in all polling stations in those municipalities. The party acknowledged that this training increased significantly the party's ability to monitor the elections at the polling station level, and contributed decisively to improve the quality of the party agents' performance as compared to previous elections.
EISA supported an extraordinary meeting of the 60-member RENAMO National Council in the central province of Sofala, in September 2013, where the political crisis in Mozambique was discussed. This activity was linked to efforts by civil society to find a negotiated solution to the political and military crisis between the Government and RENAMO. EISA further played a role in supporting shuttle-diplomacy efforts in July and August 2013. Civil society representatives shuttled between Maputo and the RENAMO headquarters in Sofala province to discuss proposals for a resolution of the crisis. The outcome of this effort was an agreement by RENAMO to streamline the number and scope of its demands. Unfortunately, these diplomatic efforts were derailed by armed action from both sides.
FRELOMO, RENAMO and MDM, received technical assistance from EISA with the aim of strengthening the parties' internal capacity and democracy.
The internal capacity of these three political parties has been strengthened through the training of 765 party officials and activists. Their internal democracy was strengthened through extensive support for the preparation and election of delegates and the holding of party Congresses, involving more than 2,500 party militants.
During 2011, EISA provided support to the three Mozambican political parties with seats in parliament, namely FRELIMO, RENAMO and MDM. EISA's support, which is provided primarily through training and technical assistance, aimed at strengthening the parties' internal capacities and their internal democracy. In its political party support programme, EISA motivates the political parties to promote greater gender equality in their capacity-building activities. Around 40% of participants in training supported by EISA are women. Additionally, the political party benchmarks developed by EISA in 2010 with input from dozens of political parties throughout Africa, were translated into Portuguese and are ready to be disseminated in Mozambique.
EISA funded the training of around 600 party officials and activists of FRELIMO on matters such as internal party rules and regulations, party programme and policies, electoral processes and information and communications technologies. EISA also supported the training of trainers for party election monitors for the three November 2011 municipal by-elections. In addition, EISA also supported the conclusion of the upgrade and update of the party membership database.
In its support to RENAMO, EISA funded the revitalisation of the party's district and province-level structures through leadership and policy workshops. Topics addressed in those workshops ranged from the party programme and policies, recruitment and registration strategies, the roles of the Women's and Youth leagues and information on the upcoming electoral processes. More than 440 RENAMO officials and activists were involved in these workshops that took place in every province of the country.
EISA funded MDM's capacity to expand at the local level with the training of 200 party district-level activists.
After initial contacts to gauge party interest in a partnership with EISA for institutional capacity building assistance, all three parties responded positively. EISA signed Memoranda of Understanding with all three parties and developed initial work plans with each one. This was a very lengthy process given the bureaucratic nature of the internal decision-making process within the parties. Towards the end of 2010, the first party support activities started being implemented, namely two exchange trips for MDM (one of them with financial support from the French and Irish Embassies), and a training event and an upgrade of the membership database for FRELIMO.
EISA Mozambique also facilitated a workshop for Mozambican political parties on the benchmarks process ahead and in preparation of the EISA 2010 Symposium.
On 14 September 2010 EISA Mozambique signed the first Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for a 3 year capacity building partnership with the Democratic Movement of Mozambique (MDM), one of the three parties with representatives in the Mozambican Parliament. This agreement falls under the activities of the Political Party Strengthening Programme EISA is implementing in four African countries. Under this Programme, EISA will provide assistance to all parliamentary parties in Mozambique in the areas of:
The MoU was signed by Ismael Mussa, Secretary General of MDM, and Miguel de Brito, EISA Country Director for Mozambique.
Similar MoUs will be signed shortly with the FRELIMO and RENAMO parties.
The EISA office, in collaboration with the Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy (NIM D), undertook a research study on party and electoral campaign financing in Mozambique. The study report was subsequently presented at a well-attended workshop, in which all major stakeholders took part. The study, which will be published by NIM D, includes recommendations for improving mechanisms of party and campaign finance in Mozambique.