Comprehensive African election calendar

 
Updated December 2017

Country Timeline President Legislative Regional/Local Referenda
algeria Last election 17 Apr 2014 PNA 4 May 2017 & CoN: half 29 Dec 2015 (indirect/appointed) 23 Nov 2017 17 Sep 1999
Voters endorse presidential peace plan to end 7 yrs of civil violence
Next election 2019 PNA: 2022
CoN: 2018 (half, indirect/appointed)
2022
Term 5 yrs PNA: 5 yrs
CoN: 6 (half every 3 yrs)
5 yrs
angola Last election 23 Aug 2017 23 Aug 2017 Not held  
Next election 2022 2022 ?
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
benin Last election 1st rnd: 6 Mar 2016; 2nd rnd: 20 Mar 2016 NA: 26 Apr 2015 31 May 2015  
Next election 2021 NA: 2019 2021
Term 5 yrs NA: 4 yrs 6 yrs
botswana Last election Late 2014
by NA
NA: 24 Oct 2014 24 Oct 2014 4 Oct 1997
Constitutional amendments to establish an Independent Electoral Commission approved
Next election 2019
by NA
NA: 2019 24 Oct 2019
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
burkina faso Last election 29 Nov 2015 NA: 29 Nov 2015 22 May 2016  
Next election 2020 NA: 2020 2021
Term 5 yrs NA: 5 yrs 5 yrs
burundi Last election 1st Rnd: 26 Jun 2015; 2nd Rnd: 27 Jul 2015 NA 5 Jun 2015
SEN 17 Jul 2015 (indirect)
Local 5 Jun 2015; Collines 24 Aug 2015 28 Feb 2005
New Constitution approved
Next election 2020 NA 2020
SEN 2020 (indirect)
Local 2020; Collines 2020
Term 5 yrs NA & SEN: 5 yrs 5 yrs
cameroon Last election 11 Oct 2004 NA 30 Sep 2013; Senate: 30 Sep 2013 30 Sep 2013  
Next election Oct 2018 NA & Senate: Early 2019? 2018
Term 7 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
cape verde Last election 7 Aug 2011 NA: 20 Mar 2016 2011  
Next election 2 Oct 2016 NA: 2021 2020
Term 5 yrs NA: 5 yrs 4 yrs
central african republic Last election 1st rnd 27 Dec 2015; 2nd Round 14 Feb 2016 1st rnd 14 Feb 2016; 2nd Round 31 Mar 2016 (postponed from 27 Mar 2016) local authorities appointed by president Constitutional referendum 13 Dec 2015
Next election 2021 2021
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
chad Last election 1st rnd: 10 April 2016; 2nd rnd: 9 May 2016 NA: 1st rnd: 10 April 2016; 2nd rnd: 9 May 2016 22 Jan 2012  
Next election 2021 2020 2017
Term 5 yrs NA: 4 yrs 4 yrs
comoros Last election 1st rnd: 21 Feb 2016; 2nd rnd 16 Apr 2016 UA: 1st Rnd: 25 Jan 2015
2nd Rnd: 22 Feb 2015
IG: 16 Apr 2016
IA: 1st round: 6 Dec 2009
2nd round: 20 Dec 2009
17 May 2009 constitutional amendments approved: Increased term of president to 5 yrs, abolished rotating presidency, concentrated power in Union government, reduce powers and costs of the island’s governments (Island Presidents become Island Governors), Islam became state religion
Next election 2021 UA: 2020 IG: 2021
IA: 2012
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs IG 4 yrs
IA 4 yrs
Ivory Coast Last election 25 Oct 2015 NA: 11 Dec 2011 (postponed several times) 24-25 Mar 2001 23 Jul 2000
Constitution approved
Next election 2020 NA: Dec 2016 21 Apr 2013
Term 5 yrs NA: 5 yrs 5 yrs
democratic republic of congo Last election 28 Nov 2011 NA: 28 Nov 2011
Senate: 19 Jan 2007 (indirect by PA)
PA: 25 Feb 2012
Local: 31 Jan 2013
18 Dec 2005
New Constitution approved
Next election Postponed to 2018 from Nov 2016 NA: Postponed to 2018 from Nov 2016
Senate: Postponed to 2018 from Nov 2016 (indirect by PA)
PA: Postponed to 2018 from Nov 2016
Local: postponed to 2018 from Nov 2016
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
djibouti Last election 8 Apr 2016 NA: 22 Feb 2013 Regional Assemblies & Communes 24 Feb 2017  
Next election 2022 NA: 23 Feb 2018 RA & Communal: 2022
Term 6 yrs NA: 5 yrs RA & Communal: 5 yrs
egypt Last election May/Jun 2012 PA: Oct-Dec 2015
Shura Council (abolished 2014): Jan 2012
8 Apr 2008 Second half of January 2014: New Constitution
Next election 26-27 May 2014 HR: 2020 2016?
Term 4 yrs PA: 5 yrs
SC: 6 yrs; half replaced every three year.
4 yrs
equatorial guinea Last election 24 Apr 2016 House of People's Representatives & Senate: 12 Nov 2017 12 Nov 2017 Constiutional referendum 13 Nov 2011; allows encumbent additional two terms, creates vice-presidency
Next election 2023 HPR: 2022 2022
Term 7 yrs HPR: 5 yrs 5 yrs
eritrea Last election 1993
interim president
May 1997
Transitional NA formed
May 2003 23-25 Apr 1993
Independence for the Autonomous Region of Eritrea approved
Next election indefinitely postponed from 2001
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
ethiopia Last election 9 Oct 2007
by HPR
HPR: 24 May 2015
HoF: 2013 (indirect)
Local: 2013
RSCs: 24 May 2015
 
Next election 2013
by HPR
HPR: 2020
HoF (indirect): 2018
RSCs: 2018
Local: 2018
Term 6 yrs 5 yrs (both Houses) RSCs & Local: 5 yrs
gabon Last election 27 Aug 2016 NA 17 Dec 2011
SEN Dec 2014
No data  
Next election 2023 NA 20 Apr 2018 (postponed from Dec 2016 and 29 Jul 2017)
SEN 2020
Term 7 yrs NA 5 yrs
SEN 6 yrs
the gambia Last election 1 Dec 2016 National Assembly: 6 Apr 2017 2 Apr 2013  
Next election 2021 National Assembly: 2022 12 Apr 2018
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 4 yrs
ghana Last election 1st round: 7 Dec 2012 NA 7 Dec 2012 District, Local & Unit: 3 Mar 2015 before April 2016: Constitutional referendum, as well as abolishment of death penalty and parliamentary ratification (within 72 hours and with two-thirds majority) required for presidential declaration of war
Next election 7 Dec 2016 NA: Dec 2016 District, Local & Unit: 2019
Term 4 yrs 4 yrs 4 yrs
guinea Last election 11 Oct 2015 28 Sep 2013 28 Sep 2013 11 Nov 2001
Constitutional amendment to remove presidential Termlimits and increase term to 7 yrs approved
Next election 2022 2018 18 Dec 2016
Term 7 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
guinea-bissau Last election 1st round: 28 Jun 2009
2nd round: 26 Jul 2009
People's National Assembly & Senate 14 Apr 2014 (postponed from 24 Nov 2013) There are no local governments  
Next election 2019 People's National Assembly & Senate: 2018
Term 5 yrs 4 yrs
kenya Last election 8 Aug 2017 - election annulled
Rerun 26 Oct 2017
National Assembly, Senate & County Assemblies: 8 Aug 2017 8 Aug 2017 4 Aug 2010: Draft proposes more power for Prime Minister and less for President, devolution of power to regions and introduction of Senate and Supreme Court
Next election 2022 National Assembly, Senate & County Assemblies: 2022 2022
Term 5 yrs NA 5 yrs 5 yrs
lesotho Last Election Monarchy: no presidential election National Assembly: 3 Jun 2017 30 Sep 2017 (postponed from 2016)  
Next election 2022 2022
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
liberia Last election 1st Rnd: 10 Oct 2017; 2nd Rnd Jan 2018 House of Representatives: 10 Oct 2017
Senate (half): 10 Oct 2017
30 Nov 2008 23 Aug 2011: Constitutional amendments
Next election 10 Oct 2023 House of Representatives: 2023
Senate (half): 2023
?
Term 6 yrs HR 6 yrs
SEN 6 yrs
 
libya Last election Constituent Assembly: 20 Feb 2014  
next election 2018 (indirect?) Sep 2018 Sep 2018
     
madagascar Last election 1st Rnd: 25 Oct 2013; 2nd Rnd: 25 Sep 2013 NA: 20 Dec 2013
Senate: 29 Dec 2015 (indirect)
Local: 17 Jul 2015 On new Constitution scheduled for 12 Aug 2010, but then postponed to 17 Nov 2010
Next election Nov/Dec 2018 NA: Nov/Dec 2018 (postponed repeatedly)
Senate: 2020, after local
Provincial, regional & local: postponed to 2018 (?) from 2017
Term 5 yrs NA 5 yrs
Senate: 5 yrs
5 yrs
malawi Last election 19 May 2009 19 May 2009 21 Nov 2000 14 Jun 1993
Introduction of a multi-party system approved by voters
Next election 20 May 2014 20 May 2014 20 May 2014
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
mali Last election 1st rnd 28 Jul 2013; 2nd rnd 11 Aug 2013 NA: 1st rnd 24 Nov 2013; 2nd rnd 15 Dec 2013 25 Oct 2015 Constitutional Referendum: 9 Jul 2017
Next election Jul 2018 NA: Nov 2018 Local & Communal: Apr 2018 (postponed from 17 Dec 2017)
Regional 9 Jul 2017
Term 5 yrs NA: 5 yrs 5 yrs
mauritania Last election 18 Jul 2009 NA 19 Nov 2006 (1st round), 3 Dec 2006 (2nd round)
Senate: 9 Aug 2009 (indirect)
Local and regional: 19 Nov 2006 25 Jun 2006
New constitution approved by electorate
Next election 21 Jun 2014 NA: 1st rnd 23 Nov 2013; 2nd rnd 7 Dec 201
Senate (1/3 members): 12 Oct 2013
Local and regional: 12 Oct 2013
Term 5 yrs NA 5 yrs
SEN 6 yrs (1/3 retires every 2 yrs)
5 yrs
mauritius Last election 13 May 2008 by NA NA: 5 May 2010 Local: 2 Oct 2005
RRA: 10 Dec 2006
Next election 2013 by NA NA: 2015 Local: 2012?
RRA: 5 Feb 2012
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs Local: 5 yrs
RRA: 5 yrs
morocco Last election Monarchy. PM appointed by monarch after legislative elections AR 25 Nov 2011
AC 2 Oct 2015
Local & regional 4 Sep 2015 1 Jul 2011 Constitutional referendum
Next election AR 7 Oct 2016
AC 2021
2021
Term AR 5 yrs
AC 6 yrs (indirect)
6 yrs
mozambique Last election 15 Oct 2014 15 Oct 2014 Local: 20 Nov 2013
Provincial: 15 Oct 2014
Next election 2019 2019 Local: 10 Oct 2018
Provincial: 2019
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
namibia Last election 28 Nov 2014 NA: 28 Nov 2014
NC: Dec 2015 (indirect)
RC: 27 Nov 2015
Local: 27 Nov 2015
Next election 2014 NA: 2019
NC: 2020 (indirect by RCs)
RC: 2020
Local: 2020
Term 5 yrs NA: 5 yrs
NC: 5 yrs
RC: 5 yrs
Local: 5 yrs
niger Last election 1st rnd: 21 Feb 2016; 2nd rnd: 20 Mar 2016 NA: 21 Feb 2016 31 Jan 2011 24 Oct 2010 new constitution
Next election 2021 2021 Postponed to 2018 from 8 Jan 2017
Term 5 yrs NA: 5 yrs 5 yrs
nigeria Last election 28 Mar 2015 NA & Senate: 28 Mar 2015 State Assemblies, governors & Local: 11 Apr 2015
Next election 2019 NA & Senate: 2019 State Assemblies, governors & Local: 2019
Term 4 yrs 4 yrs 4 yrs
republic of the congo Last election 20 March 2016 SEN 2014 (indirect)
NA Rnd 1: 16 Jul 2017; Rnd 2: 30 Jul 2017
29 Jun 2008 20 Jan 2002
New Constitution approved
Next election 2023 NA 2022
Senate (1/3) Oct 2016 (indirect)
?
Term 7 yrs NA 5 yrs
SEN 6 yrs
6 yrs
rwanda Last election 3-4 Aug 2017 CD: Sep 2018
Senate: Mar 2016 (indirect)
Local: Feb & Mar 2016 18 Dec 2015, constitutional amendment extending number of presidential terms
26 May 2003, New constitution approved
Next election Aug 2024 CD: Sep 2018
Senate: 2024 (indirect)
Local: 2021
Term 7 yrs CD: 5 yrs
Senate: 8 yrs
5 yrs
são tomé and príncipe Last election 1st rnd: 17 Jul 2016; 2nd rnd: 7 Aug 2016 NA: 1 Aug 2010 18 Jul 2011
Next election 2021 NA: 12 Oct 2014 12 Oct 2014
Term 5 yrs NA: 4 yrs 5 yrs
senegal Last election 1st rnd: 26 Feb 2012
2 nd rnd: 18 Mar 2012
National Assembly: 30 Jul 2017 Regional & Local: 29 Jun 2014 20 Mar 2016, approved by 62% of voters
Shortening of the presidential term from seven years to five years and other changes
Next election 2019 National Assembly: 2022 Regional & Local: 2019
Term 7 yrs NA: 5 yrs Regional & Local: 5 yrs
seychelles Last election 3-5 Dec 2015 NA 8-10 Sep 2016 Local authorities are appointed by the government 15 – 18 June 1993
New Constitution approved
Next election 2020 NA 2021
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
sierra leone Last election 17 Nov 2012 House of Representatives: 17 Nov 2012 5 Jul 2008 Constitutional referendum: before Oct 2017
Next election 18 Feb 2018 House of Representatives: 18 Feb 2018 18 Feb 2018
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 4 yrs
somalia Last election Postponed to 8 Feb 2017 from 22 Jan 2017 and 28 Dec 2016 (by parliament) Lower House: 22 Dec 2016 (indirect)
Upper House: 25 Sep 2016 (indirect)
none  
Next election Postponed to 8 Feb 2017 from 22 Jan 2017 and 28 Dec 2016 (by parliament) Lower House: 2021
Upper House: 2021 (indirect)
no data
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs no data
somaliland
(autonomous region)
Last election 13 Nov 2017 HR: Cancelled 27 Mar 2017 15 Dec 2002  
Next election 2022 House of Representatives & Senate: 28 Apr 2019 28 Apr 2019
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
south africa Last Election 2014 by NA NA: 7 May 2014 PL: 7 May 2009
Local: 3 Aug 2016
17 Mar 1992
Whites approve the continuation of the white government’s negotiations for a new majority government constitution
Next election 2014 (by NA) NA: 2019 PL: 2019
Local: 2021
Term 5 yrs NA: 5 yrs PL & Local: 5 yrs
south sudan
(autonomous region)
Last election 9 Jul 2010 SSA: 9 Jul 2010 State and local: 9 Jul 2010 9 Jan 2011: Referendum due on whether southern autonomous region is remain part of Sudan or to succeed
Next election postponed, terms of office extended to 9 Jul 2018 SSA: postponed, terms of office extended to 9 Jul 2018 postponed, terms of office extended to 9 Jul 2018
Term 5 yrs SSA: 5 yrs 5 yrs
sudan Last election 2 Apr 2015 CS & NA: 2 Apr 2015 State Legislatures, State Governors, local: 2 Apr 2015
Next election 2020 CS & NA: 2020 State Legislatures, State Governors, local: 2020
Term 5 yrs NA 5 yrs
CS 6 yrs
5 yrs
swaziland Last election Monarchy: no presidential election. House of Assembly: Primary: 24 Aug 2013; Secondary: 20 Sep 2013 Urban local: 3 Nov 2012
Tinkhundla: 20 Sep 2013
 
Next election House of Assembly: Primary: 24 Aug 2013; Secondary: Sept 2018 Urban local: Sept 2018
Tinkhundla: Sept 2018
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
togo Last election 15 Apr 2015 National Assembly: 21 July 2013    
Next election 2020 National Assembly: Jun or Jul 2018 Postponed from late 2017 to Jun or 2018
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
tunisia Last election 25 Oct 2009 Chamber of Deputies: 25 Oct 2009
Chamber of Councillors: 2005
Constitutional Assembly: 23 Oct 2011 (postponed from 24 Jul 2011)
9 May 2010  
Next election 23 Nov 2014 Chamber of Deputies: 26 Oct 2014
Chamber of Councillors: 26 Oct 2014
Local & regional: Postponed to 7 Dec 2017 from 26 Mar 2017
Term 5 yrs Chamber of Deputies: 5 yrs
Chamber of Councillors: 6 yrs
5 yrs
united republic of tanzania Last Election 25 Oct 2015 25 Oct 2015 ZHR & ZP ZEC annulled 25 Oct 2015 election, no rerun date set; Local: 25 Oct 2015 30 Apr 2015: Adoption of new Constitution to replace that of 1977
Next election 2015 2015 ZHR, ZP & Local: 2015
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs ZHR & Local: 5 yrs
uganda Last election 18 Feb 2016 NA: 18 Feb 2016 18 Feb 2016
Next election 2021 NA: 2021 2021
Term 5 yrs NA: 5 yrs 5 yrs
zambia Last Election 11 Aug 2016 NA: 11 Aug 2016 11 Aug 2016 11 Aug 2016
Constitutional amendments to amend Bill of Rights fails
Next election 2021 NA: 2021 2021
Term 5 yrs NA: 5 yrs 5 yrs
zanzibar
(autonomous region)
Last Election Oct 2010 ZHR: Oct 2010 25 Oct 2015 (conducted by NEC)  
Next election ZEC anulled 25 Oct 2015, rerun 20 Mar 2016 ZHR: ZEC anulled 25 Oct 2015, rerun 20 Mar 2016 Oct 2020 (conducted by NEC)
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
zimbabwe Last election 29 March 2008 1st round
27 Jun 2008 2nd round
HA, Sen 29 Mar 2008 Local: 29 Mar 2008 Constitutional referendum, 16 Mar 2013
Next election 31 Jul 2013 HA, Sen 31 Jul 2013 31 Jul 2013
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs

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